God instituted a new covenant for those who put their faith in His Son Jesus Christ. No longer under the old covenant (law of Moses) but under the new covenant (grace). One cannot be both under the new and the old covenant at the same time. The scripture says that we are no longer under law but under grace.

Learn the difference and find out that the cross of Jesus changed everything.

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Law ( Old Covenant ) Grace ( New Covenant ) Passages Notes
The Law of Moses The Law of Christ Exodus 31:18, Acts 13:39, Galatians 6:2, 1 Corinthians 9:21, Romans 8:2-3 To be under grace is not to be lawless as we are under a far better law than the law of Moses.
Law Was Given Grace Came John 1:17, Exodus 3:5, Exodus 24:2, John 1:14, John 10:10 Law has a sense of distance — Given from afar. Grace came — Intimacy & Close relationship.
Through Moses ( a servant ) By Jesus ( the Son ) John 1:17, Hebrews 3:5-6, Hebrews 9:15, Hebrews 12:24 Jesus as the son of God is greater than Moses as a servant of God.
Demands Righteousness Imparts Righteousness ( as a gift ) Exodus 19:5-6, Romans 3:19-20, 2 Corinthians 5:21, Romans 5:17 God demanded righteousness and He himself provided it in Christ.
Sins are Remembered Sins are Forgotten Deuteronomy 5:9, Exodus 34:7, Hebrews 10:17, Romans 4:6-8, Psalm 103:12, Acts 3:19 All sins ( past, present, future) has been remembered and dealt by God on the cross.
Ministry of Death ( Condemnation & Guilt ) Ministry of Life 2 Corinthians 3:7-9, Romans 8:1-3 The law condmens but the spirit gives life.
Bondage Freedom Romans 8:15, Galatians 2:4, Galatians 5:1, Romans 8:2, John 8:32, 2 Corinthians 3:17, John 8:36 Grace is the truth that gives us freedom.
Conditional ( Based on a person ) Unconditional ( Based on Christ ) Deuteronomy 11:8-28, Romans 8:32, 2 Corinthians 1:20, Ephesians 1:3, Philippians 4:19 Under law, blessings, acceptance, love, forgiveness is based on men’s law keeping. Under grace they are all by Jesus Christ.
Sacrifice for sins is repeated yearly Sacrifice is once and for all Hebrews 10:1, Romans 6:10, Hebrews 10:10-12, Hebrews 7:27 Jesus is the lamb of God who takes away the sins of men.
Curses Blesses Galatians 3:10, Galatians 3:14, Deuteronomy 13:28 Christ was cursed on our behalf so that the blessings promised might come by faith in Him.
Written in Stones Written in our hearts 2 Corinthians 3:7, Jeremiah 31:33, Ezekiel 36:26, Ephesians 3:16-17, Philippians 2:13 We can’t have a relationship with the two cold stones. In Jesus, God now works from the inside out.
Useless, Obsolete, & Weak Faultless, Eternal, & Powerful Acts 13:39, Hebrews 7:18, Hebrews 8:13, 1 Corinthians 1:24, Galatians 3:11-12, Hebrews 8:7, 1 Corinthians 9:21 For when Christ came, we are no longer under the law of Moses but of the law of Christ.
Shadow Substance Colossians 2:17, John 1:17, Hebrews 10:1, Luke 24:44, The old is revealed in the new and the new is veiled in the Old. The word of God ( the bible ) is about the son of God ( Jesus ). The written word of God is about the living word of God.
In Flesh ( Human Effort ) In Spirit ( Holy Spirit Directed ) Romans 8:4-5, Galatians 3:25, Galatians 5:16, Galatians 5:25 We do not live according to the flesh but according to the power of the Holy Spirit. It is never about our might and power, but by His Spirit.
Stirs & Empowers Sin Freedom from Sin & Victory over it 1 Corinthians 15:56-57, Romans 6:18, Romans 6:22, Romans 8:2, Col. 2:13-15 Grace is the only power that can overcome sin. Putting yourself under the supervision of the law inflames sin.
Doing ( Effort ) Resting ( Faith ) Romans 1:17, Galatians 2:16, Galatians 2:20, Galatians 3:11 Jesus fulfilled all that God required from men. The righteous shall live by faith. Faith brings forth work.
Fading Glory Surpassing Glory 2 Corinthians 3:7, 2 Corinthians 4:6-7, Hebrews 1:3, John 1:14, John 17:5 Though fading, the law has its glory. Christ however is God’s eternal glory displayed to men.
Be Clean and Come Come and be Clean Romans 5:8, Titus 2:14, Titus 3:5, Ezekiel 36:25, 1 Timothy 1:15-16, Ephesians 2:10, 1 Corinthians 1:30, 1 Corinthians 6:11, Ephesians 5:26 Our justification ( standing before God ) is through Jesus. Our sanctification/holiness ( standing before Men ) is also through Him.
Work for God Work of God John 15:15, 1 Corinthians 15:10, Galatians 4:13, Romans 8:15, Philippians 2:13 Grace is God’s working in and through us. Our labor and works is through Jesus’ power.
Rules ( Slave ) Relationship ( Son ) Galatians 4:7, Galatians 3:25, Romans 8:15 God desires a warm and active relationship with Him.
Worship from afar ( without ) Worship from within Exodus 24:1, John 4:24, Hebrews 14:6 We are now God’s temple. The veil that separates men’s sinfulness and God’s holiness has been torn.
You Reaching God God in Christ reaching us John 10:10, John 1:14, Philippians 2:6-8, Romans 5:8 Christianity is about God in Christ reaching down to men. All other religion focuses on men making and doing his way to reach God.
Law condemns the best of us Grace saves & embraces the worst of us 1 Timothy 1:15, James 2:10, Romans 8:3-4, Isaiah 64:6 No one can perfectly obey the law.. Only Christ. Our best is like a filthy rag before him.
Brings Wrath Brings Peace Romans 4:15, Romans 5:1, John 3:36, 2 Corinthians 5:18, Colossians 1:20 The wrath of God was satisfied on the cross through the sacrifice of Jesus. See Isaiah 53.
Fruit to Death Fruit to God John 6:63, Romans 7:4-7, Proverbs 14:12, Galatians 5:6, Hebrews 9:14 The law is based on flesh and since flesh is dead, it can only produce dead works.
Dead to the Law Alive in Christ Romans 7:4, Galatians 2:19, Romans 6:11 We are now married to Christ and dead to the law.
Motivated by fear Moved by love Exodus 20:20, Luke 1:74-75, Romans 13:10, 2 Corinthians 5:14, Galatians 5:6, Romans 13:8, 1 John 4:19 We don’t obey God out of fear of Judgement or fear of Him not accepting/blessing us. We love and obey him because he loved us first and that love empowers us to obey Him.
Slaves to Sin Slaves to Righteousness Romans 6:17-18, Romans 8:2, Romans 6:22, 1 Peter 2:24, Titus 2:14, 1 John 3:9 Sin shall not have dominion over us because we are under grace. As David said, he leads us in the path of righteousness for his name sake.
When the law was first given, 3000 people died ( pentecost from Egypt ) When grace was given 3,000 got saved ( pentecost in Jerusalem ) Exodus 32:28, Acts 2:41 Law brings death, grace brings life.
Do and Live Live and Do Luke 10:28, 2 Corinthians 3:7-9, Ephesians 2:10, Philippians 1:11, Romans 6:10 The grace that saves us from sin’s power will also save us from sin’s dominion. The seed of righteousness that God has planted in us will bear fruit of good works through Jesus Christ.
Mount Sinai Mount Zion Exodus 24:1, Isaiah 2:3, Isaiah 40:9, Hebrews 12:22 Upper room is in Jerusalem also known as Zion (the city of God).